杨明翰英语教学系列之雅思写作口语常见话题篇V0.6.md

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传送门

  1. 杨明翰英语教学系列之方法篇
  2. 杨明翰英语教学系列之音标篇
  3. 杨明翰英语教学系列之名词篇
  4. 杨明翰英语教学系列之动词篇
  5. 杨明翰英语教学系列之形容词与副词篇
  6. 杨明翰英语教学系列之冠词篇
  7. 杨明翰英语教学系列之代词篇
  8. 杨明翰英语教学系列之介词篇
  9. 杨明翰英语教学系列之连词篇
  10. 杨明翰英语教学系列之数词篇
  11. 杨明翰英语教学系列之时态与语态篇
  12. 杨明翰英语教学系列之句法篇
  13. 杨明翰英语教学系列之口语篇
  14. 杨明翰英语教学系列之雅思篇
  15. 杨明翰英语教学系列之雅思常见词汇与固定搭配篇
  16. 杨明翰英语教学系列之雅思阅读备考必读文章篇
  17. 杨明翰英语教学系列之雅思写作口语常见话题篇
  18. 杨明翰英语教学系列之PTE与多邻国篇
  19. 杨明翰的英国硕士留学攻略

前言

不一定每篇作文内容都是完整的,有的只有主体段。


口语

PART 1

TOPIC 1

[Study/Work]

考官会先问你是在上学还是在工作,从而选择不同的方向去向下延展。

Do you work or are you a student?
-I’m graduate and I’d like to further my education life overseas.

Work
  • What do you do?
I have been worked as a software engineer in Beijing for several years, and I have to sit in front of computers everyday, which is a little bit boring, it was like I'm a translater between computers and human beings.
  • Why did you choose to do that type of work?

  • Do you like your job?

  • Is it very interesting?

  • (Possibly) Do you miss being a student?

Study
  • What subjects are you studying?/What’s your major?
    -A majority of my peers may think that science subjects like maths, physics, chemistry/mathematical concepts like geometry, algebra, probability theory aren’t pratical and have no real use in life. Yet I insist that Maths helps us have better problem-solving skills,apart from that …(7分)

  • Why did you choose to study those subjects?

  • Do you like your subjects?

  • Is it very interesting?

  • (Possibly) Are you looking forward to working?

  • Do you prefer to study in the mornings or in the afternoons?/When is the best time to study?

  • Do you prefer to study alone or study with friends?

Hometown

思路+语料+句型 = 答案

1.城市风貌
句型 It’s a … city.
busy/traditional/modern/ancient/fast-developing.

2.地理位置
句型 it’s near … / it’s located in …
Beijing is located in the north of my country.
east/west/south/north

3.建筑物
句型:it’s get …
Building

4.特色
句型 it is famous for
4.1 吃:delicious = tasty = yummy = mouth-watering(6分)
local food /snacks (such as Beijing roast duck)

  • Please describe your hometown a little.
  • What’s the name of your hometown?
  • Where do you come from?
I’m from a fast-developing city called Shenyang which is located in the north-east of China, 
the natives are friendy and hospitable to visitors.  

You'll be impressed by citizen's enthusiasm if you come to this place.

Furthermore, 
Shenyang's Imperial Palace is the World Cultural Heritage that impresses tourists.
  • Do you like your hometown?
  • What do you like about your hometown?
  • What do you like most about your hometown?
The public transport system is developed.  
I mean you can get to anywhere you want either by underground or bus which are punctual, environmentally-friendly and economical.
  • Is there anything you dislike about it?
-I couldn’t stand the traffic jam especially at rush hour. It drives me crazy when I’m stuck.

-It’s horrible when people are jammed into a teeny compartment and they are packed like sardines.

  • How long have you been living there?

  • Is that a big city or a small place?

  • Do you think you will continue living here for a long time?

What’s the most popular means of transportation in your hometown?

I think private car is the most popular means of transportation in my hometown.

Cus we don’t have so many subways or sharing bicycles in the street and we don’t have lots of population either.

So we really enjoy driving a personal car to go where ever you want . 

Accommodation

别墅关键词:
quiet,bigger room,relax in the garden。

公寓关键词:
easier to get help,make new friends。

  • Where are you living now?
  • Could you please describe your accommodation?
  • Can you describe the place where you live?
  • Please describe the room you live in.
  • Do you live in a house or a flat?
  • What kind of housing do you live in?
I’m currently living in a [two-bedroom flat/300-square-metre house] with my parents [which/that/where] is [located/situated] in the [downtown/suburbs of my city/outskirts] of my city,and it's on the 23th floor of a 34-storey building.

It's quite close to a park, so the view is wonderful there.

  • Can you describe your room?
My room is decorated in a Chinese style with _____ and _____. 
  • `Do you prefer living in a house or [a flat/an apartment]?

  • What do you think are the advantages of living in a house rather than [a flat/an apartment]?

  • Will you move home in the near future?/Would you like to move to a different home in the future?/Do you plan to live there for a long time?

  • What do you dislike about living there?

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of living there?

Well the biggest disadvantage I put it first is traffic, because as you konw Beijing is a busy trafic metroplis, trafic can be pretty bad, after wait a hour after hour to take a taxi If i wanna get to somewhere. the biggest advantage I can have is pretty convenient for me to go to other parts of the city bacause of the metro、the subway, very convenient link everywhere you wanna go.
  • Do you like your home?why?
Yeah, I like my home so much, beause if I stay at home, I get these so fun where you belong to and you have relaxing, the feeling make me feel I like it.
  • Who do you live with?

  • How long have you lived there?

  • (If you answered you hadn’t lived there for long) What’s the difference between where you live now and where you have lived in the past?

  • Which room does your family spend most of the time in?

  • What do you usually do in your [house/flat/room]?

  • Are the transport facilities to your home very good?

  • What part of your home do you like the most?

  • In the future, what type of place would you like to live in?

  • Do you live in a good neighbourhood(小区/社区)?

-Definitely, I think living in a good neighbourhood is very important since there’s an old saying that goes like this, "a nearby neighbour is better than a distant cousin", I’m living in a harmonious neighbourhood which gives me a real sense of belonging.

-Not really, coz my neighbours are a bit nosy and gossipy, which makes me feel disturbed indeed.

TOPIC 2

Friend

  • Do you think friends are important?
  1. 虽然自己的时候会自在但没有朋友会很孤独,没人聊天、分享经历、尝试新鲜事物。
  2. 有困难的时候可以找朋友圈帮忙或者帮助朋友
  • What do you expect from a good friend?/What kind of people do you like to have as friends?/What do you think makes good friends?

Well, I would say, someone who has high moral standard as me is likely to be my friend. I suppose, I think of a friend who is trustworthy, honest and loyal, is the right guy. A true friend should be the person who can help you deal with the ups and downs of life and encourage you to pursue your dream and achieve your goals.

  • Do you keep in contact with friends from your childhood?
  • Do you prefer to have one or two close friends or a wide circle of friends?
  1. 朋友不在多在精,精的朋友会更拿你当回事儿,而每个人的时间和精力都是有限的,没有办法维系非常多的朋友。

Food & Cooking

  • Do you like cooking?
Hell no, I never cook because I don't know how, my parents always cook for me.
  • What is your favorite food?why?
I really like Chinese Hot Pot, because it has a history of more than 1,000 years and it's a popular communal dish in many cuisines, it typically features a simmering kettle of borth placed in the center of the dining table with a variety of raw, cook-it-yourself ingredients.
  • What’s your main meal of the day?

  • Do you like to try different kinds of food?

Sure,I really like to try some kinds of food, because Beijing is a metropolis and it has all kinds of food all around the world actually, so we can have the food from south of Asia, and we can have the Italian food, market food, European style, so there're all kinds of food. That's variety we can select.
  • Do you like snacks?
Well,I almost don’t like snacks.  
Im not a foodie at all. Iam just not type of person.

Because I don’t have any feelings about food.  
I prefer to put my concentrate on something else such as reading or playing video games or something like that.
  • How often do you eat vegetables?
Everyday, and I'm into different kinds of vegetables, such as/especially spinach and eggplants.

Hobbies/Interests

例如:sport/reading/TV/movie(5.5)/music&art(6.0)/photography(6.5-7.0)/…

sport(英)/sports(美)
两个都可以说,一个英式,一个美式,注意主谓一致即可。

like/love/hate/don’t like + doing

  • Do you like doing sport?
Yes, I do. I'm a big fan of snoboarding though my skill is pretty basic. 
Skiing offers a golden opportunity to eliminate pressure.

Besides, it's a good chance to recognise new friends which means improve social life.

We have a skiing group so we usually have fun together in the ski-resort located in Hebei province at weekends or on the holidays.
  • Do you like reading?
-I love reading English books. I think they are entertaining. 
And reading them helps me to improve language skills.  

-I `prefer` reading popular science books `to` reading other types of books. They can help me to widen horizons. Besides/In addition, I can get a lot of knowledge.  

-In fact,I don't like reading very much, especially textbooks. I think they are quite boring.
  • How often do you read?
I'm used to reading some books everyday, especially before I go to bed and I need to do something to let me fall to sleep as soon as possible. So reading is good enough for me. well...the romance fiction is fabulous, because I can barely use my brain.

Do you enjoy listening to music?

Yeah,I really enjoy listening to different kinds of music. 
Such as pop music,rock music,classical music and so on. 
The main reason is that music can offer me lot of things such as passion and energy or it can really let me lose pressure. 
  • Do you like watching films/dancing/…?
    -I (don’t) like watching films/dancing/doing sport…because…

  • Do you like watching TV?

  • Do you like watching TV programs?

  • What kinds of TV programs do you like to watch?

-Frankly speaking, I don’t have a habit of watching TV, since I think TV currently is filled with advertisements and boring shows.

If I have to say, that would be talent shows. The type of this kind of programme aims to discover adolescents who have a gift. 

Shows called "China has hip-hop", "Creativity 101" have got high ratings and positive reviews.

I’m into this kind of show chiefly because of having fun.

In addition, I’d like to keep pace with current prevailing trend. 

I want to know what youngsters favour, even if I sometimes do not favour the value.

Well,I like watching different kinds of TV programs, [such as/in particular], soap operas and variety shows.

-Well, I’m really into different kinds of programs, such as variety shows, reality shows and so on. The main reason is that watching TV enables me to let my hair down and know about the latest information. You know,I’m used to watching TV with my family in our living room after dinner, which is entertaining and strengthens our family bonds.(6.0-6.5)

-I love watching documentaries because we can learn about new things. My favourite is a series about nature and animals.  

-I watch a game show every weekend with my family. I think the presenter is very funny. I like it when the contestants win big prizes.  

-I enjoy watching `soap operas` because they `are similar to` real life and I like the `characters`. I usually watch TV on my laptop in my room.

-I sometimes watch talk shows. The gests are really entertaining. You can learn about their lives and new films or new music.  

-I'm a sports fan so I watch a lot of sport on TV. I enjoy listening to the experts talking about the result,too.


  • How often do you watch TV?
-I rarely watch news, because I think it is quite boring.  
-I always watch variety shows. The guests are very entertaining. I think the presenter is funny too.  
-I sometimes watch American dramas. I watch them to relax, and I think the plots are very entertaining.(5.0-5.5分)
  • Do you often go shopping?

  • How often do you go traveling?

Once a year, and I’m used to travelling with my colleagues or relatives to some coastal cities during our free time, which is fantastic.

TOPIC 3

Gift

  • How often do you buy others gifts?

  • Do you like to send expensive gifts?

I prefer to send practical gifts rather than expensive gifts. Previously, common gifts would be practical ones for eating and using. Now young people are just like Westerners in that they commonly give flowers and cards as gifts.

Cake

语料:
get the habit of …
I have cravings for …
chewy/crispy/mouth-watering
sweet and sugar stuffed
put on a lot of weight

  • Do you like eating cakes?

  • Have you ever made cakes?

  • Do you like dessert?

  • What desserts do Chinese people like?

Coffee&Tea

  • Do you prepare tea or coffee for guests at home?

  • Do Chinese people/you like to drink tea or coffee?

  • When was the last/first time you drank tea or coffee?

Foreign Food

  • Have you ever tried any kind of foreign food?

  • Do you like to try new food?

  • What kinds of new food have you tried recently?

Pen&Pencil

语料:
a pencil broken in half becomes 2 pencils.
the more you sharpen a pencil, the shorter it gets.
sign a document
marks made with pens last longer(permanent)
pencil can be erased
fountain pens/ballpoint pens

  • Do you usually use pen or pencil?
  • Which do you use more often?Pen or pencil?
Well, I think it depends on my use. I mean, when I'm doing my homework, I prefer the pen over the pencil, given the clear writing.

When it comes to art-related activities, I'd go for the pencil, because it is easy to erase what I've written.
  • When was the last time you bought a pen or pencil?

  • What do you think if someone gives you a pen or pencil as a present?

Sky

  • Have you learnt astronomy in school?
    -I’m keen on steak, especially medium cooked steak, since it seems quite [juicy/succulent] and gives me an appetite.(5.5分)

Dictionary

  • How often do you use dictionaries?

  • What kinds of dictionaries have you used before?

  • Which do you prefer, paper dictionaries or online/electronic dictionaries?

  • How do you think dictionaries would change in the future?

Pets

  • What kind of pets do people like to have ?
In my opinion, most people love to keep cats and dogs as their pets.

Coz both of the animals can bring a lot of benefits to us. When people walk their dogs, they can socialize with other dog owners, which is a good way to make new friends.

For cats, however, although they don’t need to be taken outside for walk or something.

According to some scientific reports, when people stroke the fur, they’ll feel peaceful and comfortable.

Languages

  • How many different languages do you speak?
I speak English for sure, but I also speak a little bit Japanese because English is my first major in university and we have to study a sencondary language. since we start, we pick up English as first language. I speak a little bit Japanese because I travel a lot to Japan.
  • Do you think speak of the language is important?
Language is quite important in terms of commucation and people from different culture understand you easily, so it provides all extra 
the ???. For example it goes different culture and if you've been able to speak the local language so everything you wanna do is much easier, because you can communicate, that's the most important thing.
  • What’s the most effiective way to learn new languages?
I think the most effiective way to learn new language is to put yourself in a culture first. You have to understand the way people think and try to imitate the xx as justers, try to be local ideas. I think it's important 

PART 2-3

有一些话题卡的素材可以共用,融会贯通一下,
PART 2有些地方与写作考试中的大作文有相似之处。

PART 2中的开头段一般由下面2句话开始,
先说Speaking of this topic …或Today I’m gonna talking about …

PART 2中的结尾段一般均为总结性的一句话,可以横向复用,套路如下:
【Summary 总结】
[In a word/To summarize], __ (1) __ not only because (of) __ (2) __ but also because (of) __ (3) __ .

一般将话题的[核心思想/主旨句]放到第1处,例如:
I would like to meet her …
I felt happy about this …
I’d like to buy it …
It impresses me …

之后将主体段中提到过的若干方面中的任意2个方面,
作为总结性的[词汇&短语]放到第2、3处即可。

because of 接名词性短语,because 接句子。

人物类(简单、低频)

人物题的出题概率较低,人物类的口语素材可以互相平移,
如果讲世界名人的话要小心,因为考官也许知道这个人,
会很敏感的知道你说的内容是否准确,
如果不是世界名人,那就可以胡编乱造,
只要用词准确即可。

如果是名人,不要说宗教类或类似于川普这样的人物,
因为你不知道考官的立场,可能会得罪考官,
不要聊敏感话题。

答题结构:
1.引入
开头句,简单一句话,不用花很多心思,告诉考官who,这个人是谁。
Speaking of this topic, I want to talk about _____ (人物) who is _____ (职业).

2.外部
appearance外貌,使用"总-分"结构。
"总"表示这个人整体上的模样,是否好看,多高多重,身材怎么样啊等等,
"分"表示这个人的五官特征。

“总”(相貌+身高+身材)
As for appearance, Liu Wen is a gorgeous woman who’s almost 178cm high with a hot and slender [body/figure] .

“分”(脸型+发型+其他特征+主观感受)
客观描述之后再加上一些主观判断,给考官的感觉是有感情的语言、是由变换梯度的,
有层次感,否则只是流水账,考官是听不下去的。

[To be specific/specifically], [he/she] has a __ (1) __ face with __ (2) __ hair. What [attracts/impresses] me about [him/her] is that __ (3) __ .

face与hair可以换成其他想说的语料,例如nose之类的。

第3处表语从句可以替换成:
She always has a pair of deep dimples when she wears a big smile, showing her kindness to others.

Although she’s got some lines on her forehead, she still looks attractive.

3.内部
3.1性格&品性-personality,使用"总-分"结构
Through reading that news,(总)he/she is a/an __ (1) __ person(分)who can always __ (2) __.

第2处定语从句可以替换成:
catch the eye of the public through [his/her] works rather than the media hype.

catch the eye of the public
抓人眼球

work
作品

media hype
媒体的帮衬、操作

3.2成就-achievements(名人)
She’s the first Asian model to walk in a Victoria’s Secret Fashion Show.

She always appeared on the front cover of the most talked-about magazines.
talked-about只能用于口语,不能用于写作。

She was listed among Time’s 100 Most Influential People in the world in 2009.

She has been nominated and awarded numerous honors over the past few years.

nominated
提名

还可以使用examples事例证明&成就&成绩+feelings感受。

3.3影响-influences(名人)
使用一些名人名言更有影响力,但尽量找考官不知道的那种不是特别有名的人。

__ (1) __ can always send positive messages to her [audience/fans]. the most impressive sentence he/she said in this news was that __ (2) __ and I have to say it inspires me a lot.

第1处名词,可以是一个人,也可以是一本书、一部电影,可以用于其他主题。

第2处名言警句可以替换成:
“The moment you’re ready to quit is usually the moment right before a miracle happens.”

lines
台词

  • Describe a family member you spend most time with
    未完待续

  • Describe a teenager who you konw.
    You should say:
    who he/she is
    what he/she looks like
    what kind of person he or she is
    and explain how you feel about him/her.

- My little sister is ten years old this year, but she is very tall. She has an oval face. She always wears a bun. I really like my sister because, firstly, she is a polite girl. Secondly, she's very warm-hearted and often helps neighbours.(5分)

- My little brother is outgoing and original. He likes wearing yellow T-shirt and shorts. He's very confident because he believes in his ability. For example, he's good at mathematic, engineering and computer science.(5分)

  • Describe a person who often travels by plane
    未完待续

  • Describe an old person who is interesting
    未完待续

  • Describe a foreign celebrity you want to meet in person
    未完待续

  • Describe an intelligent person you know
    未完待续

  • Describe an old person you admire.
    You should say:
    who he/she is
    what he/she looks like
    what his/her best qualities are
    And explain why you admire this person.

-I'm going to talk about an aged person who is XXX.

My grandmother is seventy years old. but she looks very young.

Her eyes are big and lively. 
She is tall and thin. 

I respect her very much because, firstly, she's very clever.

She understands new things quickly.

Secondly, she's very calm. Even though she meets troubles and difficulties, she's never angry or worried.(5分)

-My professor is of medium height. His hair is thin. He has wrinkles and age spots on his face. He usually wears a blue shirt. I respect him very much because, firstly, he's wise. It seems that he knows everything. 

Secondly, I think he's a caring person. He cares about students. `Last but not the least`, he is friendly and enjoys meeting students.(5分)

  • Describe a famous person from your country.
    You should say:
    who this person is
    what this person looks like
    what type of person he/she is
    and explain how you feel about this person.

  • Describe a well-known person you like or admire.
    You should say:
    who this person is
    what this person has done
    why this person is well known
    and explain why you admire this person.

  • Describe a famous person in the news that you would like to meet.
    You should say:
    who this person is
    what this person does
    what the news was about
    and explain why you would like to meet this person.

XXX is tall and thin. 
She is stunning and graceful. 
She has watery eyes and thick hair. 
She has a tattoo on her left hand. 

I like her very much because firstly, she is very original. 

I think staying different is cool.

Secondly, she's gifted. 
I think she was born to be an actress. 

She and her classic movies left a deep impression in our minds.

Thirdly, she's versatile. 
Apart from being good at acting, 
she also does well in singing.(5分)

Speaking of this topic, I want to talk about Taylor Swift who is a famous country & pop music singer all around the world. 

As for appearance, Taylor Swift is a gorgeous woman who’s almost 180cm high with a hot and slender figure. 

外貌:  
To be specific, she has a prominent nose with bright eyes. What attracts me about [him/her] is that ___. 

性格:  
Through reading that news, she is an diligent person(分) who can always catch the eye of the public through her works rather than the media hype.

She always wrote a song about her ex after she broke up. 
Through reading that news,(总)she is a/an funny girl who can always convey cheerfulness and happiness whenever I watch her TV programe. 

成就:  
Her song was listed among billboard’s top 100 best pop music in 2009. 

Taylor can always send positive messages to her fans. The most impressive sentence [he/she] said in this news was that and I have to say it inspires me a lot.
I like Faye Wong. 
She’s my fashion icon as well as my role model. 

Faye is a Chinese sing-songwriter and actress.

She’s been a diva for ages in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan and has gained a large following even the whole Asia. 

She’s tall and boney. 
She’s got a sharp-featured face, which is quite different from aesthetic perspectives for Chinese traditions. 

She’s famous for being original. 
Despite of the fact that she’s been involved in entertainment biz for ages, she has been keeping away from gossip. 

She’s tolerant as well. 
There has been verbal abuse and physical attack because of her last musical performance in Shanghai. 

However she’s never fought back. 
She did nothing but enclose her social accounts. 
I look up to= admire her.

追问:

  1. What are the good things about being famous?
  2. Are there any disadvantages?
  3. How does the media in your country treat famous people?
  • Describe a person who taught you something
    You should say:
    who this person is
    what he/she is like
    what he/she taught you
    and how you felt about him/her.
I remember a teacher I had at primary school who was woderful.From the first day she was friendly and kind towards the students who were 8 years old.But she was also strict.

I mean on the first day she took out this old fashioned strap and banged it on the desk and we all got such a fright,but she was just rying to show us she was in control. She wasn't really that scary although she was quite short and she spoke in a loud voice.

Everybody called her Mrs.T. She taught us for every subject, so she taught us English,maths,writing,and actually I can't remember what else!

I guess what I used to enjoy most about her classes was her personality and the fact that she cared about all of her students,even the naughty ones.I remeber her dughter lived in America and she used to send over American sweets and chewing gum for Mrs.T to give to the good students.All the students tried to be really good to get that reward!

I particularly remember my teacher, Mrs.T, because she was so kind, helpful and patient. I was very young and she was like a mother to me,gentle but strict at the same time.

地点类

答题结构:
1.引入
Speaking of this topic, I want to talk about __ (1) __ (地点) which __ (2) __(地理位置).

第1处地点可以替换成:
A hot-pot restaurant called Haidilao.

hot-pot
火锅

第2处地理位置可以替换成:

1.1方位
is [located/situated] in the [city centre/downtown Beijing/suburbs/outskirts of the city].

1.2距离
It takes me roughly 1 hour to get there by car.
I spend roughly 1 hour getting there by car.

It’s within walking distance to…
It’s just a stone’s throw away from…
近在咫尺(7分习语表达)

1.3频率
So I normally go there on a [daily/weekly/monthly] basis.

regular
常客

So I’m a regular there,about once a week.

So I [rarely/hardly/seldom] go there,maybe roughly once a month.

2.外部(重点)
The exterior of the building
建筑外观

exterior [ɪkˈstɪəriə]
adj,外部的、外面的
n,外部、表面
interior的反义词

In terms of the exterior, the restaurant is on the top floor of a high rise building which is square-shaped and wrapped in glass on all sides.

in terms of
就…而言,固定引导词

2.1高度Height
… is a 20-storey building.
… is a high-rise/low-rise(flat/office) building.
… is a/an unique/creative skyscraper.

2.2形状Shape&材料Material

rectangular-shaped building

The building is wrapped in glass on all sides.

It’s a glass-wrapped building.

pyramidal-shaped building

a square-shaped wooden house.

a square-shaped log cabin.

2.3Surroundings
类似于周围是否有停车场等

In front of/behind/next to it, there’s a parking lot which is a convenience for those who drive there.

-beautifies the environment and attracts more people coming there.

parking lot
停车场

fountain
喷泉

flower bed
花坛

3.内部
"总-分"结构

总:
描述刚进入这个建筑的第一印象是什么。

When I step into the __ (1) __ (建筑),it’s _____.

well-lit/dim
亮堂的/昏暗的

spacious/tiny
大的/小的

airy/stuffy
空气流通的/很闷的

分:
描述在这个建筑中感觉到的一些细节。

decoration
装修

It’s decorated/furnished in a/an _____ style with _____ and _____.
可以装修成什么风格

Lovely paintings on the (plain) walls.

wall paper
墙纸

gorgeous wall papers

revolving door
旋转门

French windows which enable lots of natural light to come into the room.

食物food(如果是餐厅)
不要说中餐厅,因为很多菜的名字你不会说,会给自己挖坑。

"总-分-总"结构:
总:It offers a great selection of dishes,
分:such as _____ , _____ and _____.
总:And _____ is the restaurant’s specialty which is also my favourite.

specialty
特色菜、特产

service
服务

considerate
体贴的

enthusiastic
热情的

The (waiters/waitresses) are considerate and enthusiastic,which makes me feel like eating at home.

The service is efficient,I mean you never need to wait long for your food.

What makes me excited is that _____.
表达开心的心情

If you’ve got a student card/credit card,you’ll get a 20% off discount.

  • Describle a restaurant that impresses you.
    You should say:
    where it is
    what it looks like
    what kinds of food it serves there
    and explain why you like to eat at this place.

  • Describe a crowded place you went to
    未完待续

  • Describe an ideal house or apartment where you want to live
    You should say:
    where the place is
    what it is like
    why you want to live there
    And explain why it is ideal to you.

语料:
bed room/living room
neighbourhood

  • Describe a new public place you would like to visit
    未完待续

  • Describe a park or garden you like visiting
    未完待续

  • Describe a school you went to in your childhood
    未完待续

  • Describe a place where you read and write(not your home)
    未完待续

  • Describe an area of your country you know and like.
    You should say:
    where it is
    what its special features are
    what you and other people do in this area
    And explain why you like it.

国家的下一级单位是城市,所以只能说城市,不要说圆明园之类的地方。

I'm going to talk about XXXX, my hometown.  
The reason why I'd like to talk about it is my hometown is a modern city. It's near the sea. It's got many skyscrapers and shopping malls. It's famous for the busy markets. Tourists buy clothes or souvenirs. I really like my hometown because firstly, people are very friendly and polite.  
Secondly, the traditional food, like Beijing roast duck, is tasty and popular.  
  • Describe a place you remember well that is full of colors.
    You should say:
    where it is
    what it is like
    what it is used for
    And explain why you remember it well.

  • Describe a place you remember which is full of color.
    You should say:
    where the place is
    what you did there
    why you went there
    And explain why this place is full of color.

追问:

  1. What colors are the least popular in your country?
  2. How do colors affect people’s mood?
  3. How differently men and women look at the same color?

物品类

物品题是考官比较喜欢考的题,考频较高,物品本身没有生命,比较难说,
如果没话可讲的时候,可以尝试去谈一些经历。

答题思路:
1.引入
开头句 = what it is?
Speaking of this topic,I want to talk about _____(物品) which is made by _____(品牌).

外部-Exterior,"总-分"结构:
先说第一感受(总),再说物品的(分)外观、大小、形状、功能等。

as for the exterior, it looks trendy(分) you know, it is a portable device which has a vintage black cover and square body.

Size大小:

bulky
笨重

portable
方便携带的

palm-sized
手掌大小的

Color颜色:
sleek/gloss black
(有光泽度的)亮黑

gloss
唇彩

vintage black
哑光黑

silverish pink
银粉色

Shape形状:

square-shaped device
方形

内部-Interior,"总-分"结构:

Function性能:
总-分:
To be honest,总:it offers good performance.
分:to be specific, it’s _____ ; what I mean is _____ .

durable
adj,耐用的、持久的

-The battery life, well, I can spend a whole day on it and still don’t need to recharge the battery.

-that it will still work very well, if I drop it down to the floor carelessly.

speedy
速度快

(分)
To be specific/speciafically, it’s _____ ; what I mean is _____ .

that it loads websites as fast as lightning.
快如闪电

user-friendy
用户体验好的

-that I can get the hang of it within few minutes.
熟练掌握什么什么的技能

multifunctional
多功能的

-that it has an 8 million-pixel(像素) camera with an anti-shake(防抖) function.

-that it contains fingerprint recognition technology which better protects the customers’ privacy.

Experience经历:
经历每次都要说,不然说不够时间,可以仿照RED原则中的D。

思路:detail
when
who
where
what
how you feel about it

Well, probably I’m gonna buy it in a couple of days. If I get it, I’d use it when I finish my class, wait for buses or lie on the bed (when and where). By the way, I’d like to share it with my [besties/buddies] for fun(who), like taking selfies, or watching some entertaining video clips(what), which would be addicted I guess (how you feel).

  • Describe an electronic device that you would like to buy.
    You should say:
    what it is
    what it looks like
    what you use it for
    and explain why you would like to buy it.

事件类

答题思路:
【Introduction 引入】
开头句:
Speaking of this topic/Today I’m going to talk about the time when I went to the _____(地点) with _____(跟谁去的).

不要跑题,一定要有the time when,
因为这是事件类话题,而不是只介绍地点,必须要有经历。

之后是介绍3个WH(Who,When,Where),人时地:

1.who 人物描述
Coz we have a lot in common,we have become the _____.

Best companions for hanging out.

Actually, my parents and I can always get along well with each other, so there’s no generation gap.

2.when 时间描述
It happened in the last summer holiday when I was a sophomore(大二) at my university.

I could still remember that it was on a Saturday morning that I was sitting in front of the TV with some snacks in my hand. and suddenly, Andy called me up and asked me whether I’d like to hang out with her, and I said of course, why not.

3.where 地点描述

【外部 exterior】
(如果是公园这种可以去掉,如果是国家大剧院这种就需要说)
以前讲过地点类的话题,可以复用。

【内部 interior】
“五大感官”思路,看、听、闻、味、触,让考官接收到有逻辑的描述。

1.看 seeing

artificial lake
人工湖

water lily
睡莲、荷花

There’s an artificial lake with ducks and water lilies floating on the surface.

The water was crystal clear,reflecting the blue sky and white clouds.
伴随状语,当一句话中出现大于等于2个动词时,并且这些动词共享同一个主语,
从2个动词开始,可以省略主语,直接用逗号+动词ing即可。

cherry blossom
樱花

The park had pink cherry blossoms which beautified the whole park.

人的活动

row

appreciate
欣赏

We rented a boat to row on the lake to appreciate the gorgeous scenery along the bank(河岸,湖边).

selfie
自拍

We took lot’s of photos and selfies to memorize this special moment.

We found a pitch of grassland by the lakeside and sat down to have a picnic.

Prepared food for the picnic:

salad
沙拉

homemade sandwiches
自制三明治

chicken drumstick
鸡腿、drumstick=鼓槌

chicken wing
鸡翅

chicken nugget
鸡块

crisps
薯片

2.味 tasting

plain
清淡的

tasty [ˈteɪsti]
好吃的

mouth-watering
流口水的

3.听 listening

someone can ever hear _____.

twitter
鸟叫

bark
狗叫

roar
老师、狮子叫

Some birds twittering on the trees.
鸟叫

Bees buzzing around.
虫子叫

Some elders playing musical instruments like the flute, violin etc.
大爷大妈

4.闻 smelling

fragrance
花香

Flowers gave off a sweet fragrance in the park.
散发出甜甜的味道

I can taste the freshness of the air.

5.触 touching/feeling

We had a great time.

It was a blast.
嗨翻了

hustle and bustle
喧闹

It’s a getaway from the hustle and bustle of the city centre.

It’s a great workout for both body and mind.

  • Describe a recent(别跑题) happy event that you had.
    You should say:
    What event it was
    Where and when it happened
    Whom it happened with
    And explain why you felt happy about it.

  • Describe an advertisement you remember well.
    You should say:
    where you saw it or heard it
    what kind of advertisement it was
    what the contents of the advertisement were
    And explain why you remember it well.

6.5分:

Well, the most impressive advertisement is absolutely the one released by Apple decades ago. 

As a matter of fact, it was not targeting at a certain product but a key concept of Apple, the company and its culture.
 
I was firstly attracted to it years ago cuz it got millions of “thumb-up”s on Youtube, you know, the video website.

It was more like a documentary rather than a commercial, and when I clicked in, my world was rocked!

This one-minute ad featured black-and-white footage of 17 iconic 20th century personalities, including Albert Einstein, BobDylan, Martin Luther King, John Lenon, Pablo Picasso, etc. 

Eventually, it ended with an image of a young girl opening her closed eyes, as if making a wish.
 
As the video was aired, you can also hear the lines going, honestly I can’t remember every single word of it, but, it was like : “Here's to the crazy ones, the misfits, the rebels, the troublemakers, the round pegs in the square holes... the ones who see things differently --they're not fond of rules... 

You can quote them, disagree with them, glorify or vilify them, but the only thing you can't do is ignore them because they changethings... they push the human race forward, and while some may see them as the crazy ones, we see genius, because the ones who are crazy enough to think thatthey can change the world, are the ones who do.”
 
see? you know what I mean, a real thought-provoking ad!
 
I can still remember that I thought it should be "differently" instead of "different", so I googled it, it turn out that Steve Jobs has got his own explanation.

This is exactly “think different” !
 
I really like this advertisement, it is a masterpiece, for its design, it creativity, also, for the ones who “think different”!
  • Describe a time when you could not use your mobile phone
    未完待续

  • Describe a time when weather prevented your activity
    未完待续

  • Describe a change that can improve your local area
    未完待续

  • Describe a time when you were excited
    未完待续

  • Describe a leisure activity that you do with your family
    未完待续

  • Describe a plan you suddenly changed
    未完待续

  • Describe a rule in your secondary school that you agree or disagree.
    You should say:
    what is the rule
    why this rule has to be established
    what will happen if we break down this rule
    what is the positive and negative effects of this rule

  • Describe an activity you like doing.
    You should say:
    what activity is it
    where and when you do it
    who you like doing it with
    And explain why you enjoy doing it.

Today I'm gonna talking about my favorite sport which is kind of exciting, challenging and dangerous. Skiing is truly a brave guy's game because players get hurts easily.

We have a skiing group so we usually have fun together in the ski-resort located in Hebei province at the weekends or on the holidays.  

I enjoy going skiing for various reasons. Normally I'm occupied with daily issues. Then skiing offers a golden opportunity to eliminate pressure.

Besides, it's a good chance to recognise new friends which means improve my social life.

What's more, one of the main benefits of skiing is that we can jump or do some kinds of moving actions if we like, it was like break the rules, that's the amazing part, pretty cool, right?

Another thing I learn from skiing is that it enhances my tolerance for cold.  
So basically skiing enriches my life, so that's the reason why I love this sport so badly. 
  • Talk about a TV programme you enjoy watching.
    You show say:
    what type of programme it is
    which are your favourite parts
    when and where you watch it
    And explain why you enjoy watching it.
-I usually watch a sport programme.
It's presented by a famous person.
The presenter is very funny and the guests are really entertaining.
I like watching this show very much because firstly, I'm a sport fan. Secondly, I enjoy listening to the experts talking about the results, too.

-I like watching a documentary called Nature and Animals. I watch it with my family at 7 p.m every Saturday. I enjoy watching it because firstly, I learn a lot from it. Secondly, I think it's necessary for human beings to learn about nature and animals.
  • Describe a film you would like to share with your friends.
    You should say:
    what film it is;
    when and where you watched it;
    what the film was about;
-Today I’m gonna talk about my favourite film which is based on true story. 
The Pursuit of Happyness is one of the best films I’ve ever seen in my entire life.

I’ll watch this moive in my laptop as a pick-me-up when I feel depressed and it never fails to lift my spirits.

The reason why I recommend it to all my friends is I think it’s a film that everyone should see at least once in their lives. 

In this movie, the protagonist and his family had fallen on hard times.

He finds himself in a difficult situation when his wife leaves him and he’s stuck raising their young child on his own.

He almost gives up when he loses his apartment, money and job.

But through study and hard work, he’s able to change himself and the fate of his family.

The main character continued to 
persevere even when it seemed like the whole world was against him.

We can see how he fight against his own destiny.

His struggling spirit just moved me, giving me a deep impression that I’ll remember for the rest of my life.

At present, I feel like I have the enough courage and strength to overcome all the difficulties in my life. This moive gives us positive energy and let's know what's the meaning of "never give it up".
  • Talk about a subject you are studying.
    You should say:
    what subject you are studying
    what the subject is about
    how you feel about it
    And explain why you are interested in it.

1.what subject you are studying?
-I’m studying …/I’m doing a … course /I’m learning about …
My major is…(5.5分)
I major in … = I specialize in …(6分)

2.what the subject is about?
It’s about…
It’s about helping people.
It’s about the different parts of a business.
It’s about the legal system in different countries.

3.how you feel about it?
entertaining/difficult/it’s hard work/lots of lectures/have a great time/lots of deadlines/

即使,让步状语从句,即使有很多课,但我过的很开心。
Even through = even if = although.
这几个连词不能跟but连用

Although there are lots of lectures.I have a great time.

Even though there are courseworks,I think it’s entertaining.

4.explain why you are interested in it?
enjoy helping people/ I’d like to be … (虚拟语气,对未来做出假设、想象)

-I'm doing a business studies course. It's about the different parts of a business(公司), like finance, people, or marketing. It's really entertaining. I'd like to be a company director.

-I'm studying law. It's about the legal system in different countries. I think it's a very difficult course and there are lots of deadlines. I'd like to be a lawyer.

-I'm studying linguistics. It's about the languages in different countries. I think it's a very entertaining course. I'd like to be an English teacher.

-I'm doing an art course. It's about music, paintings and moives. It's a very entertaining course, but there are lots of lectures.  
I'd like to be an artist.  

-I'm doing mathematics. It's about the numbers. It's hard work and there are lots of deadlines. But I have extra tuition and I think it is very useful. I hope I get good results this semester.
  • Describe an unusual/unforgettable meal you had.
    You should say:
    where you had it
    who you with
    what you ate or drank
    and explain why you think it was unusual.
I'm going to talk about the time when I went to the second highest restaurant in Beijing with my dream girl.

She was my co-worker and I used to sit next to her, coz we have a lot in common, so we have become the best companions for hanging out.

It happened in the last winter I could still remember that it was on a Saturday evening, after the skiing I just asked her whether she would like to have dinner with me, then she said of course, why not.

The restaurant is on the top floor of a 80-storey building which is square-shaped and wrapped in glass on all sides. 

When we step into the restaurant, it’s kind of dim. It's decorated in a western style with gorgeous wall papers and French windows.

It offers a great selection of dishes such as Chinese food, Western Food, Japanese Food and Western Food is the restaurant's specialty which is also my favourite. I can't really remember what we else ate, but the seafood was tasty. Oh, by the way, we ordered a bottle of France wine also. 

The waiters are considerate and enthusiastic, which makes us feel like eating at home.

I can hear the classic background music and there's a faint fragrance lingering in the restaurant.

We spent hours at the restaurant, talking, eating and laughing, we all shared our stories together and wished us good luck for the future.

We really had a great time, it was like a getaway from the hustle and bustle of the city centre.

In a word, I felt unforgettable about this special meal not only because of my dream girl, but also because of the high price. 

追问:

  1. Do you think having dinner at home is a good idea?
I don't think so. I prefer eating in restaurants to eating at home, because you don't have to do the dishes afterwards.
  1. Do young people like to spend time with their families or friends?
  2. What do you think are the benefits of having dinner together?
  3. Do you think people are less willing to cook meals by themselves these days,compare to the past?
  • Describe an important festival in your country
    You should say:
    when it is
    who you celebrate with
    what People do during this festival
    and explain why this festival is important.

写作

小作文

柱状图

  • The chart below gives information about the possession of newer technologies by different age groups in the UK in 2009. (Percentage of Possession)
    Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features,
    and make comparisons where relevant.Write at least 150 words.

在这里插入图片描述

开头段:  
The graph reveals the amount of newer digital devices owned by British various age groups in 2009.

主体段1:  
It is clear from the chart that mobile phones and computers were the most popular digital devices in UK.

The young of age between 17 and 23 really loved to use mobile phones, ranking first with 90 percent.

The adult group of age between 24 to 44 was equal to it.80 percent people in age from 45 to 64 both own mobile phones and computers.

The mobile phones were much more welcomed than computers in young people.

主体段2:  
It can be seen from the chart that digital TV and SatNav system were more useless than cellphones and PC, especially for the SatNav system.

SatNav system was the lowest possession in total , which represented approximately below 30 percent in all ages.

The possession percentage of TV was almost four times as large as that of SatNav system in ages above 65, which accounted for 40% of the chart.

The old whose age was above 65 were the main users in Digital TV, which was 70 percent.

结尾段:  
In general, almost all kinds of people preferred mobile phones in 2009 in UK, in particular, age from 17 to 44.

点评:
注意本题的时态,由于是2009年,因此要用过去时。
对于年轻人拥有digital TV和SatNav system的情况没有描述清楚,
可以更加强不同年龄层之间的比较,比如: 24-44年龄的人在所有类别的科技设备上拥有率都是最高的,
65岁以上的人都是最低的等等。

线形图

  • The graph gives information about water use worldwide. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

在这里插入图片描述

(有批改,6分)

开头段:  
The line graph shows the changes of water use in agriculture, industrial and domestic fields from 1900 to 2000.

主体段1:  
It is clear from the graph that for the global water use of agriculture ranked the first and the water use of agriculture from 1900 to 2000, it climbed gradually in 40 years from 1990 to 1940, until it was over 1000 km3. Then, there was a huge rise with slight fluctuations, reaching approximately 3000 km3, which was the peak, over the following 50 years.

主体段2:  
It can be seen from the graph that the figure of other two sectors both rose slowly from 1900 to 2000.
The industrial use was similar to domestic use from 1900 to 1950, but, in the following 50 years, they steadily rose to about 1200km3 and 200km3 respectively.

结尾段:  
In general, in all three fields, the use of water all climbed though the agricultural one had always ranked the first. 

  • The graph below shows the average number of people attending top-level football match in three European countries from 1980 to 2004.
    Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

(有批改)

开头段:
The chart reveals the average number of individuals watching A-level in football play in Italy, England and Germany from 1980 until 2004.

主体段1:
It is clear that from the graph that the average amount of Italian people attended the football game decreasedattending as the time increased with fluctuations.

主体段2:



表格图

  • The table below shows the percentage of people living in four types of dwellings in Australia in 2001 and 2006.
    Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

在这里插入图片描述

开头段:  
The chart reveals the proportion of Australian's four categories of accommodations in three different areas between 2001 to 2006.

主体段1:  
It is clear from the table that both the percentage of individuals living in semi-detached and flats approximately rose slightly one percent every five years. Apart from the figures in flats in Tasmania, it was stable from 2001 until 2006, which represented 4% of the table. It was like everyone in Australia preferred those two categories. However, the data of these two types was quite low in Australia between 2001 to 2006, only from 4% to 13%.

主体段2:  
It can be seen from the chart that the data did not look excellent in houses and other types. The data of house was still the most popular, but it dropped sharply in three locations over the next five years in 2001, it decreased by 2 percent in Victoria, the northern territory and Tasmania. The other types stayed mostly unchanged in those three locations from 2001 to 2006, except the figures in the northern territory, there was small decrease in the proportion of it, from 12% in 2001 to 11% in 2006.

结尾段:  
In general, the data of house was still the largest amount in Australia, but the percentage of people living in houses reduced significantly, and other types almost rose slightly over this five-year period.

点评:
注意单位是百分比,不要漏掉单位。

流程图

The diagram below shiows the water cycle, which is the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth.

Cummarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

The flow chart illustrates a natural process in which water evaporates from the ocean into the atmosphere and returns to the sea in several ways, known as water cycle.[介绍图表信息]

It is clearly that there are three main stages involved, evaporation, precipitation and running back into the ocean.[要点概述]

From the diagram we can see that 80% of water vapour comes from the oceans. 

At the beginning, water evaporates into the air when being exposed to the sun under certain temperature,

and then water vapour accumulates and condenses to form clouds.

When the condition is satisfied for precipitation, it rains or snows.[细节描述1]

At the next stage in the cycle, rainwater or snow water may take various paths. Some of it may fall

Into lakes or return to the oceans via' surface runoff. Otherwise, rainwater may filter through the

ground, reaching the impervious layer of the earth.

Salt water intrusion is shown to take place just

Oelore groundwater passes into the oceans to complete the cycle.[细节描述2]

地图

开头段:
开头介绍,背景信息的转述与改写,The map given is about …

主体段1:
描述一个图1内建筑物、设施的方位(中心位置是什么,北面是什么,南边通向什么,不要写上下左右,用东西南北)。

主体段2:
描述图2内建筑物、设施的方位,同时和图1来对比(设施、建筑物在方位和数量上的变化),例如:随着时间的推移,这个校区今年是这样,若干年后的格局会做一些变化,也许教室变小或变大或变多变少了,位置改变了等等。

结尾段:
结尾综述特点(在某某方面变化很大)。

  • The map below shows a number of different ways of visiting Mountain Eron in a National Park. Give details of ways and compare them where possible.
    Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

(有批改)

开头段:
The map reveals three different ways of how to climb Mountain Eron in a National Park, which depends on whether the tourists want to drive there.

主体段1:
It is clear from the map that the tourists may drive to the cultural center with a parking area firstly from the west, then they can drive to the northeast to the mountain. Then tourists can go along this road until they can find another parking lot and the sunrise viewing area, where they can have a rest for a little while, then they have to drive along the driving track around the mountain, and it is the longest way in total.

主体段2:
It can be seen from the map that people can choose to go along the walking track or the climbing track if they enjoy walking or climbing. The walking track is less longer than the driving track, but there is approximately the same route between the driving track and walking track, since both of them are shaped like an oval. There is a shortest way to go to the destination, which is the climbing track, but it is really kind of dangerous.

结尾段:
In general, the individuals who do not want to drive can choose the walking trace or climbing track. Otherwise, they can choose the driving track.

点评:
从写作完成情况来说:
本文描述3条线路很清晰(1.driving track;2.walking track;3.climbing track)。

欠缺的是sunset和sunrise日出日落观景台建议分别描写;
另外first aid point和toilet位置并没有描述;

例如:
The toilets are adjacent to the first aid point,where tourits could gain immediate first aid service once accident happens;

另外parking lots一共四个,便于停车,例如:
There are four parking lots,which make it convenient for tourists to find parking space and they can stop driving whenever they want to choose anothe route;

从连贯方面来说:
作者It can be seen、It is manifest于段首衔接很好;
还可用When it comes to climbing track(或For people who like mountain climbing);

学会Meanwhile表同时;
Moreover=additionally表递进;
开启新方面可以用with regard to=in terms of(就。。而言);
to be more specific具体说;
however表转折;
in contrast与之相对;

从词汇方面来说:
可数名词不能全裸(要有冠词walking track);
另外地图题要学会被动语态表达be built、located坐落于;
以及定语从句解释功能,如…sunset view area,where people can appreciate the splendid sunset等(where后成分完整);

从语法来说,避免逗号连接完整句子;
丰富表达:
provide convenience提供方便:
be next to=be adjacent to相邻;
various=a wide variety of;
parking lot停车场;

大作文

教育(最高频)

同意与否

  • Some people think that university should not provide theoretical knowledge, but to give practival training that is beneficial to society. Do you agree or disagree?
In China, a great number of advanced professional personnel are needed.

Therefore, cooperative education that combines classroom studies with practical work experience is more necessary.
  • Schools should teach children academic subjects, which will be useful in their future careers. Subjects such as music and sports are not useful. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 激烈竞争下,学术课程能增加竞争力,未来职业发展会有帮助。
  2. 升学考试里大多不涉及到体育和音乐内容。

不同意:

  1. 会成为书呆子
  2. 体质可能不够好
  3. 无法通过体育或体术来全面发展,成为教育的奴隶和一个机器
开头段:  
Currently, no one dares to deny that the issue of social media is bringing us advantages or disadvantages. I, personally, hold the firm belief that the pros outnumber their counterparts. The former are shown in making global friends easily and the sending of messages instantly, while the latter include being cheated and waste of precious time. (I willl show you the relevant details in the following part of the essay.)

主体段:  
Music and sports help to produce better students because it is useful to allow teenagers to develop teenagers to develop a variety of ways which prevent them from becoming a nerd if teachers only teach them academic subjects which will be useful in their future careers and that could be boring all the time, those individuals are not machine. For instance, students may gain a great deal of knowledge in school and then students can consider by themselves which way is the most appropriate for them in the near future, whose process makes them think by their independent minds.

Of course, learning useful academic subjects could be helpful and useful in the career which makes people more competitive. However, teenagers could not have the enough judgement to choose the right thing, and they still need help from parents and teachers. If students acquire diversity information when they are still children or teenagers, it could be better choice to make them more and more excellent.
  • Some people think that single sex schools are better for students than co-ed schools. To what extent do you agree with this opinion?/To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. to avoid such phenomenon of falling in love at an early age,with more concentration on their study.

  2. more conveninet to make the curriculum according to a certain gender group’s needs.

不同意:

  1. It will be easier to administrate the class and even the whole campus if there is mixed gender at school,especially at boys’ school.

  2. More chances for students to communicate with the opposite gender group.

  3. It will be more fun in extracurricular activities.

  4. Having opposite sex aside,some will be more hardworking in their study.

Single-sex high schools help to produce better students becuase there are fewer distractions in these kinds of schools than in co-educational schools.

Nowadays, students are learning more than ever before, and while they are trying to understand all this new knowledge, they do not need distractions.

If boys and girls are studying together,they may become more focused on each other and not concentrate on the lesson.

For example, a male student might be more interested in impressing a female peer than listening to the teacher; similarly, female students might get into arguments over popular boys, or spend their time discussing the boys in their class instead of listening to the teacher.

If high schools are single sex, these kinds of distractions can be reduced.

  • In modern age, some people think it is unnecessary to teach children handwriting skill. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 现代社会手机电脑可以替代纸笔,例如机考、用电脑打字记笔记等;
  2. 纸笔浪费资源,造成环境污染;
  3. 普遍来说,打字速度要比写字速度快很多;

不同意:

  1. 签名的时候必须要手写,如果字很丑会影响个人形象;
  2. 笔可以在书上直接做笔记,涂涂画画,会更有效率;
  • Family has great influence on children’s development. However, the outside influences play a bigger part in their life. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 环境更重要,环境改变人;
  2. 随着孩子的长大,父母没法一直陪在孩子身边;

不同意:

  1. 父母是孩子的首席老师,父母的影响会更大,因为孩子小时候必须要听父母的;
  • Full-time university students spend much of their time on study. Some people think it is essential for them to take other activities. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

双边讨论

  • Some say children should learn foreign languages as early as possible, but others say these children should focus on their first language well first.
    Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  • Some people think learning history in school is important. Others think learning subjects more relevant to life is important. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

开头段:  
(引出话题)The necessity of focusing on history-learning or other courses more related to the daily life has been what the public concentrate on for the past years.(摆明矛盾)Some as supporters of gaining lessons from history would stress its importance, while others claim those which could be more practical in smoothing life are more crucial to take.

利弊分析

  • Some people say that playing a team sport,such as soccer or basketball is very popular because it has many benefits.
    What are the advantages of playing a team sport?

优点:

  1. To make new friends;
  2. Teamwork sprit;a sense of cooperation;
  3. To cultivate team members’ ability of commucation;
  4. To better/strengthen the friendship;

另类提问

  • In some countries, secondary schools aim to provide a general education across a range of subjects, while in others, children focus on a narrow range of subjects related to a particular career. Which one is more appropriate in today’s world?

科技(高频)

同意与否

  • Some people believe that some internet websites should be restricted to prevent people from accessing sex or violent sites. To what extent do you agree with this opinion?
主体段1  
`there is no denying that` violence can be dangerous to the audiences, especially the children, because it is easier for them to be influenced and to imitate what they see without much thinking. So it is necessary for the government to pass some regulations to prevent the violent contents online. `Of course`(让步转折开始), we also need to say that letting children know the existence of violence can work as the precaution to protect them. `However`(让步之后再反驳,说明依然坚定自己开头的想法), unlimited access to such things will lead to horrible consequence out of control. There must be safer and wiser ways of knowing their existence, such as by proper education from either parents or school teachers.

自己的想法+让步+反驳,回到自己开始的想法。

主体段2  
In the second place, it is also apparent that these contents of violence online will lead to the psychological issues among the under-aged groups, most of whom tend to be timid generally, and these will cast a shadow on their psychology. They, then in chain reaction, may become scared of communicating with others around, which may cause even more problems in circulation. or instance(2个论据中至少有1个论据是带例子),some children(非特指第三人称), after watching some online films or news reports of violence cases happening at school, will refuse to go to their primary school where it is perfectly safe actually. In fact, these psychological burdens accompany them for an extended period of time, even the whole life, which requires our awareness.
  • More and more people are using computers and electronic devices to access information,and therefore these is no need to print books, magazines and newspapers on paper. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 传统书籍浪费资源与污染,例如木材、印刷、包装等;
  2. 在手机电脑上读书或看新闻更方便;

不同意:

  1. 一些特定人群例如老年人与幼儿不会使用这些电子设备;
  2. 对于某些人来说,纸质书比电子书更有感觉,此外还可以作为礼物;
  • Technology makes our life too rich and we should live a simple life without it. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

利弊分析

  • Now many people especially the youth use mobile devices to go online easily almost anywhere anytime. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?

Benefits:

  1. To obtain information more easily;
  2. To relax users by the games,videos and information;
  3. For smoother communication with others;

Drawbacks:

  1. The risk involved while they are outside the home;
  2. Unconfirmed information may cause panic or other bad effects;
  3. The risk of leakage on privacy;
  4. The loss of their ability in self-control;
  5. Health issues;

主体段1(“利”):
(总体句开始)On the one hand, many benefits can be found regarding surfing the internet with no limit of time and place. Firstly,(论据1开始,详写)(论据1初步分析开始)it brings much convenience to the users. Because of (论据1解释开始)the small size of mobile devices, it is protable and easy to be operated while surfing online. For example,(论据1例子开始)everyone with a smart phone having the fuction of browsing web pages can access any online information almost anywhere, such as on the bus, in the metro or a walking street, anytime, which is hard to be realized by a traditional laptop or desktop computer. In addition, (论据2开始,略写)it could help keep users updated with what is happening in the city, in the country or even around the globe. If(论据2解释开始) they want to check some data or information, they can do it without starting the computer. This is easier and will save them much time.

主体段2(“弊”):
(总体句开始)However, the drawbacks brought by it should never be forgot, either. To begin with,(论据1开始,详写)(论据1初步分析开始)users’ privacy may be leaked due to the spy program or hacker skills. If (论据1解释开始)one can go online anywhere anytime, it means the information in his/her phone is exposed to other users with electronic techniques who can use the professional knowledge to hack the phone or pad to steal the information secretly. For example,(论据1例子开始)while shopping, some can link up to the wifi in the shopping mall, which may be dangerous to them because the free internet service there can be a trap. So,(论据1局部总结句开始)it could be dangerous for such users to be linked to the internet in any place. `Besides,(论据2开始,略写)…

政府

双边讨论

  • Some people think the government should establish free libraries in each town. Others, however, believe it is a waste of money since the public can use the Internet at home to obtain information. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

社会/生活

同意与否

  • It is no longer necessary to use animals as food or other products (e.g. clothing and medicines)
    To what extend do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 人造肉、皮革、药物等可以代替动物;
  2. 杀害动物不人道,不公平;

不同意:

  1. 穿着某些动物皮会显得高贵,例如貂皮、鳄鱼皮等;
  2. 畜牧业有着长久历史和传统,不易改变,会导致很多人失业;

双边讨论

  • In some cultures, old people are valued, while in others the youth is more valued. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

老年人:

  1. 有更多的人生经验;
  2. 更深思熟虑,更稳重,更懂得顾全大局;

年轻人:

  1. 更富有激情和创造力,勇于探索新鲜事物;
  2. 不按部就班,促使社会发展;

利弊分析

  • In many countries, the proportion of older people is steadily increasing. Does this trend have more positive or negative effects on society?

  • Nowadays some old people choose to live in the retirement community with other people rather than living with their adult children. Is it a positive or negative development?

优点:

  1. 会被更好的照顾;
  2. 可以与更多同龄的老人们一起生活、娱乐;

缺点:

  1. 缺少亲情,子女不孝敬父母;
  2. 儿女也有许多事情,分身乏术;
  • In some countries, the difference in age between parents and children is generally greater than it was in the past. Do you think its advantages outweigh its disadvantages?

优点:

  1. 父母越成熟,家庭越稳固,对于孩子的教育更理性;
  2. 父母会有更多的物质基础帮助孩子成长;

缺点:

  1. 随着年龄的增长,父母用于照顾孩子的精力与实践越来越少;
  2. 家长与孩子的代沟会增多,不同的价值观会引发争论与争吵;

组合

  • In some countries, owning a home rather than renting one is very important for people. Why might this be the case? Do you think this is a positive or negative situation?(C15T1T2)

(有批改,6分)

开头段:  
Currently, it is true that owning a home is more significant for people in some countries. I, personally, hold the firm belief that the pros outweigh the cons. The former are shown in providing a stable environment while the latter include offering an unstable environment.

主体段1(原因):  
As for the reasons behind this phenomenon, the first one is that most adult people in traditional countries like China consider that a family is started by purchasing a home, because renting an apartment is more likely to be unstable. For example, the owner of a house could sell the house at any time and cut the contract, then the renters have to leave unexpectedly. The second reason to explain it is because the women's parents may not agree their daughters to marry the men who are just renting a home, which means these men will have a poor life quality. 

主体段2(观点+利弊):  
In my opinion, owning a home is more significant, in particular, for the most Chinese adults who have already married. Several benefits can be found regarding owning a home. To start with, the house owners are offered by several financial advantages. Because they do not have to pay for the rent, and those individuals may use the money in a better place, such as improving their quality of life. Besides, the house prices is getting higher and higher in most areas of some countries, so they have a golden opportunity to earn more money if they sell the house. However, renting a house is more flexible for the young, they can move anywhere at anytime. Also, there is a chance to allow some individuals who cannot afford the whole price of accommodation to live in a place, such as young students, poor people and so on.

结尾段:
Based on the argumentation above, there are several reasons why people prefer to purchase their own homes instead of renting, and I would like to make my point clear that owning a home is better than renting one, because of the more positive effects.

  • News media are important in modern society. Why are they so important? Are their influences positive or negative?

公司/工作

同意与否

  • The spread of multinational companies and globalization produce positive effects on everyone. To what extent do you agree or dissagree?

(有批改)

开头段:  
The development of golbal companies has become a focus of public attention. My perspective is that only some relevant people benefit from the international corporations because there are lots of advantages about it. The following essay will elaborate more about the relevant details.

主体段1:  
It is undeniable that the increasing numbers of multinational companies offer plenty of benefits to some people could bring positive consequences. To start with, according to the global economic system, it is beneficial for business men to develop their global companies, which means they can make more and more money because the cost is pretty low in some areas all over the world. Another benefit is that those firms can offer so many work opportunities for natives. For example, Apple, which is the largest and most successful electronic device company, spread their branches in China, then there were a large number of Chinese workers hired by Apple factories in China. 

主体段2:  
Nevertheless, there is no justification for regarding it as the most effective way, partly because local companies are suffocated by foreign companies because the global companies have more power and ability to control the market easily. Furthermore, not everyone is really concerned about how bad the business environment is, some individuals who are not in charge of commercial things or irrelevant employees just do not care about what happens.

结尾段:  
Based on the argumentation above, I would like to once again make my point clear that some bosses or commercial leaders or relevant employees should focus on those multinational companies, others should have the awareness of what is the most effective way to improve their life quality.

双边讨论

  • Some people think developing countries should invite large foreign companies to set up offices and factories to help economic growth. Others believe they should keep these large companies out and develop local companies instead. Discuss both thes views and give your own opinion.

追因求解

  • Many people fail to achieve a balance between work and other parts of life. What causes the situation? How to overcome this problem?

  • The world of work is changing rapidly, and people cannot depend on the same job or the same conditions of work for life. Discuss possible causes for this change and give your suggestions on how people should prepare for work in the future.

原因:

  1. 社会发展速度越来越快,更新迭代中会快速淘汰许多工作和人;
  2. 市场竞争激烈,很多公司因为经营不善而倒闭,从而导致员工失业;

解决方案:

  1. 居安思危,不断学习来提升自己的核心竞争力;
  2. 找到并发挥自己的优势,增强自己的应变能力;

组合

  • Nowadays, some employers think formal academic qualifications are more important than life experiences or personal qualities when looking for an employee. Why is it the case? Is it a positive or negative development?

  • An increasing number of people are changing carrers during the working life. What do you think the reasons? Do you think it is a positive or a negative development?

We are no longer free to depend on a single occupation, fewer people wish to work the same job day in and day out. Young workers are generally attracted by high salary and self-improvement in new job opportunities. Further, many enterprises have been experienced economic downturn, thus carrer-changing is sometimes inevitable.

  • The young people in the workforce and changing their jobs or career every few years. What do you think are the reason? Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?
主体段1:  
On the one hand, many benefits can be found regarding replacing occupation regularly by the young.

Firstly, it allows the young to try errors as soon as possible. Because a large number of individuals have totally no ideas about whether the current job is suitable perfectly.

For example, someone had graduated from the university and he/she really wanted to find a job relate to their own majors, some students of computer science really want to have a job in international companies such as Apple, Facebook, and Google.

They worked on that way and gained a job luckily , but a few days later they found that they do not enjoy the job, then they choose to quit the job, so they have a change to find their appropriate job.

In addition, it could keep young people brave and independent with what is happening in the office or deal with their colleages.

If they get angry when they think they are being treated disrespectfully or unfair, then they may not tolerate that and fire the boss.

It is beneficial to acquire a better place where people can work harmoniously.

主体段2:  
However, the drawbacks brought by it should never be forgot, either.

In the first place, people who change the job or career frequently cannot find their next job easily. If someone did that, it means reducing their loyalty in the, then they will have some troubles possibly.

For example, someone quits the job immediately because she/he cannot tolerate the unfair stuff or something like that, so his/her resume will be rejected by the next interviewer by the faithfulness, it seems like their work experience is unstable.

So the hireling should keep staying in a same company as long as they can. Besides, there is an important harmful behavior in the office which is heart of glass.

It means people who cannot endure the disadvantageous things in the work area is weak and do not have the ability to survive alone, especially for those who live in the mega city, and it is harmful to self-growth.

环保

同意与否

  • Some people think that companies and individuals, instead of the government, should pay to clear up the pollution they produced. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 随着企业与个人素质的提升,以及环境保护,每个人都应该出份力,应该花钱;
  2. 一些个人与公司的时间有限,因此需要花钱来处理垃圾、污染物等;

不同意:

  1. 企业与个人每年会缴纳高额的税,环境保护属于国家层面,需要国家拿钱;
  2. 一些小微企业和穷人没有足够的钱来缴纳环境费用;
  • The international community must act immediately to ensure that all countries reduce their consumption of fossil fuels, such as gas and oil. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 传统能源会造成大量坏境污染,应尽快使用新能源代替;
  2. 传统能源大部分为不可再生资源,日益减少,需要尽快转型;

不同意:

  1. 传统能源有着悠久的历史与成熟的产业链,无法快速转型;
  2. 新能源的底层也是传统能源,例如电动汽车的电大量来自于烧煤;

双边讨论

  • Government should make people responsible for looking after their own local environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
    观点:同意,政府就应该让当地人自己负责自己的环境。

正面论据理由:
A.当地环境好,当地人受益最大。The local people can benefit the most from it.所以会有很大的热情enthusiasm和积极性去做环境的保护。This local area and neighborhood is/are my home.

B.因为是自己努力创造的良好环境,当地人会用心维护这良好的环境状态endeavor to [maintain/keep it tidy]。

C.环境问题很可能是当地人在生产和发展和追求利益的过程中破坏的ruin the environment while going after benefits/profits. For example,制造业manufacturing会有废水废物的排放discharge the waste, which has poisoned the water source in some local areas。

让步论据和理由:
政府也不能完全不管,不能完全推给当地。Of course,政府有义务指导和帮助当地人保护环境,因为the government generally has more resources and funds to help and regulate.再反驳,Nevertheless,政府不必过多干预当地的环境治理,还是要让当地人自己主动保护和治理环境,政府可以适当给予一些资金和指导就可以。

[媒体/广告](低频)

同意与否

  • There is a tendency news reports in the media focus on problems and emergencies rather than positive developments. It is harmful to individual and society. Do you agree or disagree?

双边讨论

  • Some people believe that newspaper is the best way to learn about news. While others believe that more effective ways is through other media.
    Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

犯罪

同意与否

  • The best way to solve the increasing youth crime rate is to teach parents better parenting skills. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 孩子是父母的启蒙老师,父母更容易教育孩子;

不同意:

  1. 青少年处于叛逆期,往往不会听父母的话;
  2. 学校和社会更有责任教育孩子们不要走上犯罪的道路;

动物

同意与否

  • It is a natural process for animal species to become extinct. There is no reason why people should stop this from happening. Do you agree or disagree?

同意:

  1. 优胜劣汰,自然法则,无需人类干预;
  2. 人类不是万能的,有一些情况人类无法干预,例如深海中的某种物种灭绝,可能人类甚至不知道这个物种;

不同意:

  1. 大部分动物的灭绝与人类有关,例如破坏栖息地,污染等等,人类需要采取措施,减少对野生动物的影响。
  2. 人类的能力越大责任越大,需要保护好野生动物,和谐共存。

追因求解

  • Some people argue that all experimentation on animals is bad and should be outlawed.

However, others believe that important scientific discoveries can be made from animal experiments.

Can experimentation on animals be justified? Are there any alternatives?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.

其他

组合

  • Ambition is an important character for people who want to be successful in life. How important do you think it is for people who want to succeed? Is it a positive or negative character?
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